Number of financial institutions decreased in Europe
On 1 January 2012 there were 7,533 MFIs resident in the euro area, compared with 7,865 on 1 January 2011. In relative terms, the decrease was particularly pronounced in Ireland (-15%), Luxembourg (-8%), Cyprus (-6%), France (-5%) and Greece (-5%). In absolute terms, Ireland (-106), France (-59), Luxembourg (-48) and Germany (-43) were the main contributors to the net decrease of 332 units in the euro area.
2011 saw a substantial decrease in the number of money market funds, as an MFI sub-sector, owing in part to their new definition, under Guideline ECB/2011/13, which is more closely in line with that used for supervisory purposes. The contraction in this sub-sector was most prominent in Ireland (-97), Luxembourg (-46) and France (-29).
Despite the enlargement of the euro area through the accession of Greece (2001), Slovenia (2007), Cyprus and Malta (both 2008), Slovakia (2009) and Estonia (2011), the number of MFIs in the euro area has decreased by 24% or 2,323 institutions since 1 January 1999. On 1 January 2012 Germany and France accounted for 41% of all euro area MFIs, a share slightly greater than that recorded on 1 January 2011.
On 1 January 2012 there were 9,587 MFIs resident in the EU, a net decrease of 334 units (-3%) since 1 January 2011. Compared with the situation on 1 January 1999 (10,909 MFIs in the EU), there has been a net decrease of 1,322 units (-12%), despite the addition of 1,608 MFIs on 1 May 2004, when ten new Member States acceded, and of a further 72 MFIs on 1 January 2007, when Bulgaria and Romania joined the EU.
source: website of ECB